Smart technologies can make our cities work better, but to face the challenges ahead including population growth and transport, we also need our towns and villages to become ‘smart connected communities’ People in towns or small villages should have the same access to services as those living in a big city. Equally, it should make it possible for city dwellers to feel the same connection with their community and local government as residents of small towns and villages. Ideally, we need every city and community to become smart; to understand the opportunities and support development of infrastructure. This includes things like sharing ducting, using public buildings and lamp posts to position wireless transmitters, and support through the planning system.
Digital technologies can help towns and cities deliver services more cost effectively, improving the planning, design and delivery of transport, infrastructure and buildings to create healthy, sustainable, resilient and prosperous places.
Local authorities are critical for commissioning and delivering these solutions but despite significant success stories in London, Bristol and elsewhere, there remains a widespread lack of knowledge, leadership and funding. This is preventing many local authorities from exploiting the benefits that digital technologies can bring to the management of our ever-growing and complex towns and cities.
Smart Commercial Buildings:
Smart commercial buildings will be the highest user of Internet of Things (IoT) until 2017, after which smart homes will take the lead with just over 1 billion connected things in 2018. Commercial real estate benefits greatly from IoT implementation. IoT creates a unified view of facilities management as well as advanced service operations through the collection of data and insights from a multitude of sensors. Especially in large sites, such as industrial zones, office parks, shopping malls, airports or seaports, IoT can help reduce the cost of energy, spatial management and building maintenance by up to 30 percent.
The business applications that are fueling the growth of IoT in commercial buildings are handled through building information management systems that drive operations management, especially around energy efficiency and user-centric service environments. In 2016, commercial security cameras and webcams as well as indoor LEDs will drive total growth, representing 24 percent of the IoT market for smart cities.
Buildings are 40% of global energy demand and soon will be 60% – old or new, publicly or privately owned, commercial or residential, single or multiple occupants, buildings are where people live, work and play. Britain need’s to make their buildings smarter: more efficient, green and liveable.
There is much discussion of the opportunities to use information and communication technologies (ICT) to both improve the efficiency and effectiveness of Britain’s public sector estates, assets, facilities and to reduce the costs, energy consumption and carbon emissions of buildings. The realisation of these opportunities involves:
Better inter-connection and optimisation of existing building control systems, e.g. BMS with CCTV, fire, laboratory ventilation control and other systems;
Interfacing BMS and other building systems with other institutional systems, e.g. data centre management, timetabling;
Better inter-connection and optimisation of operational estates management systems, e.g. condition appraisals, financial project management, job management, and performance management;
Better recording and inter-connection of Estates strategic management information, e.g. Autocad and drawing databases, condition appraisals, historic information such as leases, legislative compliance and terriers.
Eradicating Fuel Poverty:
Millions of people cannot afford to heat and power their homes. Millions are suffering ill-health, stress and anxiety from unaffordable fuel bills, reduced educational attainment and social isolation as a result. Everybody has the right to a warm, dry home that they can afford to heat and power. Future governments are encouraged to take action to end fuel poverty and thereby improve people’s health and quality of life, reduce the cost of living, create jobs and negate carbon emissions
- 4.5 million – the number of fuel poor homes in the UK
- 2.3 million – the number of fuel poor homes in England
- 96% – the percentage of fuel poor homes that are poorly insulated
- 21 million – the number homes in the UK with poor energy efficiency (below Band C on an EPC – Energy Performance Certificate)
Insulation & Energy Efficiency:
- 4.5 million – the number of households that received energy efficiency improvements during the last Parliament (2010-2015)
- 1 million – the number of households that will receive energy efficiency improvements under Conservative Government plans for this Parliament (2015-2020)
- 78% – The reduction in the number of households that will receive energy efficiency improvements over the next 5 years if only 1 million households are helped
- 270 – The number of years it would take to make all UK homes energy efficient (EPC Band C) if Government only insulates 1 million homes over the next 5 years with 1 measure each and trend continues.
- 35 – The number of years we have left to de-carbonise UK homes to help avoid dangerous climate change.
- 15 – The number of years the Government have pledged to take in their Fuel Poverty Strategy to make all fuel poor homes energy efficient (EPC Band C)
- 94 – The number of years it will take to make all fuel poor homes energy efficient (EPC Band C) if no new funding is provided
- 1 – The average number of energy efficiency improvements installed per home under the Government’s flagship programme, the Energy Company Obligation
- 3 – The average number of additional energy efficiency improvements (eg new boiler, cavity wall insulation, loft insulation top up) needed to make a fuel poor home energy efficient (EPC Band C)
- £386 – How much extra fuel poor household needs to pay to stay warm compared to an average UK household
- £1,274 – How much more a fuel poor household living in an EPC G rated home needs to pay to stay warm compared to an average UK household
Cold Man of Europe:
- 14 / 16 – The UK’s ranking on fuel poverty in Western Europe
- 16 / 16 – The UK’s ranking in Western Europe for the proportion of people who cannot afford to adequately heat their home
- £100 billion – The amount of public funds the chancellor will allocate to infrastructure projects over the next 5 years
- £0 – The amount of infrastructure funds so far allocated to fix the UK energy inefficient housing stock
- £8.7 billion – the economic return from insulating the UK housing stock. This is comparable to the return from other infrastructure projects like roads and railways
- 26% – The reduction in gas imports that could be achieved if all homes were made energy efficient (at least Band C)
- 24,940 – The average number of Excess Winter Deaths each year in England and Wales
- 27,405 – The average number of Excess Winter Deaths each year in the UK. More die from cold homes than alcohol, Parkinson’s or traffic accidents.